VoxHealth
Medical Conditions

Schizophrenia

Overview

Do you know someone who seems like he or she has "lost touch" with reality? Does this person talk about "hearing voices" no one else can? Does he or she see or feel things no one else can? Does this person believe things that aren't true?

Sometimes people with these symptoms have schizophrenia, a serious illness.

Schizophrenia is a serious brain illness. Many people with schizophrenia are disabled by their symptoms.

People with schizophrenia may hear voices other people don't hear. They may think other people are trying to hurt them. Sometimes they don't make any sense when they talk. The disorder makes it hard for them to keep a job or take care of themselves.

www.nimh.nih.gov/health

Symptoms

Symptom
Frequency
Hallucinations
Depression
Anxiety
Staring spells
Hostile behavior
Fears and phobias
Insomnia
Drug abuse
Drinking problem
Headache
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Anger
Chest pain
Temper problems
Convulsions
General ill feeling
Back pain
Twitching
Fatigue
Dizziness
Abdominal pain
Antisocial behavior
Reduced appetite

Demographics

Age Distribution

The average age of someone with schizophrenia is 43.

Gender Distribution

Schizophrenia is significantly more common among males.

Medications

Prescription

Medication Name
Substance
Drug Class
Risperdal
risperidone
Antipsychotics
Haldol
haloperidol
Antipsychotics
Zyprexa
olanzapine
Antipsychotics
Prolixin
fluphenazine
Antipsychotics
Seroquel
quetiapine
Antipsychotics
Clozaril
clozapine
Antipsychotics
Fanapt
iloperidone
Antipsychotics
Geodon
ziprasidone
Antipsychotics
Thioridazine
thioridazine
Antipsychotics
Cogentin
benztropine
Anti-Parkinson Agents

Medication Name
Substance
Drug Class
Ativan
lorazepam
Anxiolytics

Risk Factors

Racial/Ethnic Distribution

Prevalence is significantly higher among African Americans and Asians.

Tobacco Use

Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for schizophrenia. Someone who smokes is roughly 4 times more likely to be affected.

Income

Prevalence is higher among low income individuals.

Urban/Rural

Prevalence is significantly higher in urban areas.

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All the data above are calculated from anonymized medical records.

Bars in this color represent statistically significant associations.