VoxHealth
Medical Conditions

Heart failure

Synonyms: Cardiac failure, CHF, Congestive heart failure, Left-sided heart failure, Right-sided heart failure, HF, Chronic heart failure, Congestive cardiac failure, CCF

Overview

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. In some cases, the heart can't fill with enough blood. In other cases, the heart can't pump blood to the rest of the body with enough force. Some people have both problems.

The term "heart failure" doesn't mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. However, heart failure is a serious condition that requires medical care.

Heart failure develops over time as the heart's pumping action grows weaker. The condition can affect the right side of the heart only, or it can affect both sides of the heart. Most cases involve both sides of the heart.

Right-side heart failure occurs if the heart can't pump enough blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen. Left-side heart failure occurs if the heart can't pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body.

www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health

Symptoms

Symptom
Frequency
Shortness of breath
Chest pain
Difficulty breathing
Cough
Edema
General weakness
Dizziness
Fatigue
Chest pressure
Nausea
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Leg swelling
Abdominal pain
Back pain
Vomiting
Arm pain
Abnormal palpitations
Leg pain
Headache
Weak heart
Wheezing
Fainting
Fever

Demographics

Age Distribution

The average age of someone with heart failure is 71.

Gender Distribution

Heart failure is significantly more common among males.

Medications

Prescription

Medication Name
Substance
Drug Class
Prinivil
lisinopril
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
Capoten
captopril
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
Vasotec
enalapril
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
Cozaar
losartan
Angiotensin II Inhibitors
Diovan
valsartan
Angiotensin II Inhibitors
Avapro
irbesartan
Angiotensin II Inhibitors
Micardis
telmisartan
Angiotensin II Inhibitors
Coreg
carvedilol
Beta-blockers
Lopressor
metoprolol
Beta-blockers
Zebeta
bisoprolol
Beta-blockers
Lasix
furosemide
Diuretics
Aldactone
spironolactone
Aldosterone Antagonists
Inspra
eplerenone
Aldosterone Antagonists
Dobutamine
dobutamine
Inotropic Agents
Lanoxin
digoxin
Inotropic Agents
Nitroglycerin
nitroglycerin
Antianginal Agents

Risk Factors

Racial/Ethnic Distribution

Prevalence is significantly higher among Caucasians and Native Americans.

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All the data above are calculated from anonymized medical records.

Bars in this color represent statistically significant associations.